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Tiger Woods' first foray into golf course design is in the desert terrain of Dubai. His second one will present an entirely different challenge.
Yesterday, the world's best golfer confirmed that he will design a mountain layout for the Cliffs Communities at High Carolina, between Asheville, NC, and Greenville, SC. The course, which will be laid out especially for walkers, will sit at an elevation of 4,000 feet amid a community of homes priced well into the millions of dollars. Scheduled opening is sometime in 2010.
Tiger, who is chasing Jack Nicklaus' record 18 PGA victories in major tournaments, will have to do some catching up at the Cliffs as well, where Jack has his name on two courses. Other designers in the Cliffs portfolio of built and planned courses include Gary Player, Tom Fazio, Ben Wright and Tom Jackson, whose Cliffs at Glassy design is at about the same elevation as the property where Woods will work his magic.
Membership in one of the Cliffs courses confers membership in all. The current initiation fee is $125,000, with dues nearing $500 a month. The longest drive (car drive, that is) from the Cliffs at Walnut Cove (Nicklaus) to the Cliffs at Keowee Vineyard (Fazio) is about an hour.
Anything Tiger does stimulates interest in the golf world, and it will be interesting to see if his designs in Dubai and South Carolina reflect his own style of play the way Nicklaus' early designs did. The Nicklaus designs of the mid to late 1980s tend to force us commoners to hit high, Nicklaus-like approach shots to well-protected greens, as at the Melrose Course on Daufuskie Island, SC, and Pawleys Plantation in Pawleys Island, SC. In announcing the Cliffs venture, Tiger said he wants to design a course his "friends" would enjoy playing. Given the company he keeps, High Carolina should be tough.
Tiger Woods' course for the Cliffs at High Carolina will be at an elevation similar to the nearby Cliffs at Glassy, an intriguing layout by Tom Jackson.
The central focus of the golf course and resort community at Keswick near Charlottesville, VA, is the imposing, 100-year-old mansion.
Money magazine features its new list of "Best Places to Live" in the current (August) issue. This year's best place is Middleton, WI, not exactly a hotbed of golf course communities but it seems like an ideal community in which to live in summer after wintering in southern Florida, for example. A sidebar article caught my attention; in it, the editors recall some of their former selections as "best places," and a couple of them I know fairly well.
Raleigh/Durham/Chapel Hill, N.C., for example, earned the best distinction in 1994. The area is a hotbed for engineers and other techies because of Research Triangle Park and ideal for those who want to be near a cluster of great universities, including Duke and North Carolina. The area also offers a wide variety of golf course communities. At the top of the list is Governor's Club, with 27 holes of Jack Nicklaus Signature golf, an involved membership, and beautifully manicured properties. Homes start in the mid six figures and rise to the millions, with many nice views of the golf course.
Less expensive but still close enough to Chapel Hill to take advantage of all the cultural and sports activities at the major universities are Chapel Ridge and The Preserve at Jordan Lake. Chapel Ridge includes a very playable Fred Couples designed course, featuring a number of challenging doglegs and large, undulating greens. The Preserve, like Chapel Ridge, features a nice balance of families with young children, empty nesters and retirees. House prices in both communities run from the mid- to upper-six figures.
For those interested in a new but classically appointed private club outside a community, Old Chatham Golf Club, which is focused entirely on golf, has received rave reviews. And there is always the sleek Robert Trent Jones course at Duke University, which is open to the public but is always in private-club condition.
Charlottesville, VA, was Money's best community in 1998, and its character also relies very much on a local university, in this case the University of Virginia, the invention of Thomas Jefferson. The town has become immensely popular largely because of a low tax rate and its setting at the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains; traffic and housing prices have increased signfiicantly in recent years, but that is pretty much the story in many hot towns in the south.
For those willing to play sweater weather golf two or three months a year, a nice array of communities are available. We liked Keswick for its opulent feel and imposing mansion/clubhouse on the hill overlooking an Arnold Palmer golf course; Glenmore for its Scottish-links-like course and well manicured community; Old Trail, where the recent film Evan Almighty was shot, for its fair pricing and small-town ethos; and Wintergreen, the mountain resort just 40 minutes out of town where, on a few days in January, you just might be able to ski in the morning and play golf in the afternoon.
And for a classic and historic golf club, get to know some local members who can vouch for you at the historic Farmington Golf Club. The course is a charmer and part of the clubhouse an original plantation home designed and built by Thomas Jefferson himself.
With a nod to Yogi Berra, yesterday I had one of those moments of déjà vu all over again (Yogi Berra, for our European readers, is a former baseball player known for such malaprops as, "No one goes to that restaurant anymore; it's too crowded.") On Sunday, I wrote about how some golf course operators are working with builders and developers to increase revenue for their golf operations. Afterwards, I met a 70-year old couple who are living a nightmare in a golf course community where the golf course owner and residents could not be farther apart.
Pat and Fred live in a condominium in Connecticut during the summer months but, like many retired couples in the northeast, spend the winter months in Florida, at a condo they own in Vero Beach. The condo has a nice view of the eighth green of the Vista Meadows Golf Club and is within five minutes of the ocean. Their community, which is called Vista Royale, is restricted to people 55 and older and offers a full range of activities on site. The couple love their neighborhood and neighbors, think Vero Beach is a great place to live and have been enthusiastic members of the Vista Meadows Golf Club.
Things changed three years ago after two hussies named Frances and Jeanne came to town. The hurricanes wreaked havoc in Vero Beach, the torrential rains they brought combining with extremely high temperatures to create black mold on the insides of many units. According to Pat and Fred, the interiors of some condos were so black that they appeared to have suffered fire damage. As if that wasn't bad enough, the insurance company that covered the community went belly up. Of necessity, the state of Florida had to step in but is still trying to figure out how to deal with insurance coverage for Vero Beach and other places affected by the hurricanes. The insurance checks have not come close to meeting the reconstruction costs.
In the last three years, some of Vista Royale's residents have passed away or moved to nursing facilities. Many of their units have been on the market for well over a year. Currently, more than 300 of the community's 1,200 units are listed, a quantity that is depressing the values of all the units in the community. The company doing the mold removal work and other repairs has been overwhelmed by the magnitude of the work and has been fending off accusations of overcharging. Pat and Fred say they have paid $10,000 to have a wall of sheet rock torn down, mold removed, and the sheetrock replaced. To complicate matters, asbestos was found in the walls of some of the older units, requiring special, and of course more expensive, handling.
But the thing that seems to gall Pat and Fred and their fellow residents the most is the state of the golf course whose current owner, the residents accuse, is trying to force them into a rewrite of covenant restrictions to permit development of land adjacent to the course. The residents are resisting any change to the original covenant, even though Vero Beach has a height restriction on construction (just two stories) and, Fred and Pat acknowledge, any new units would not affect the views from existing condos.
Last year, according to the couple, the course was in exquisite shape, attracted lots of outside play, as well as member play, and everyone was happy. But for reasons unexplained to the residents, the owners of the course ran out of money and the mortgage holder foreclosed on the course, which was auctioned off last December for $2.8 million.
This year, the new owner has decided to test the resolve of the residents; he is keeping the lawn mowers in the tool shed, and the course has become overgrown and unsightly, according to letters written to local papers ("a cow pasture," one writer described it). The owner, a local lawyer, is also threatening to turn part of the clubhouse into an "arcade" for people from outside the community to play games of chance and win gift certificates offered by local retailers (casino gambling is not legal in Florida except on offshore boats). These arcades are popular throughout Florida, and Pat and Fred worry that their community will become host to a steady flood of "gamblers."
Vista Royale's owners had the opportunity to purchase the course two decades ago, but the golfers could not convince the non-golfers in their midst to ante up. Now, of course, the price will be a lot steeper, but the cost of doing nothing might be even higher as the values of Vista Royale's condos spiral downward in a glutted market. And with all the golf courses and condos in Florida to choose from, why would someone look at a unit next to a ratty looking golf course?
Our bet is that there will eventually be some accommodation that both sides of this ugly argument can agree to. One solution could be that the residents will make a generous offer to purchase the course and hire a management company to run it. That offer would have to be well north of the $3 million the owner has invested in the course already. The other, more reasonable alternative is for the residents to let the owner build homes along parts of the golf course as long as they meet certain architectural standards consistent with the rest of the community. Vista Royale's residents, many of them well past 60 years old, should not want to go into the tough business of supervising the running a golf course.
In the end, money will force a solution, as it almost always does. The course owner will get some return on his investment, and the residents' will be comforted that the values of their condos will be restored, and that they can once again play golf on their own course. We plan to follow this story to what we hope is a happy conclusion.
In researching golf courses and the communities that surround them, I have been fortunate to play more than 1,350 holes of golf over the last two years. To ensure my objectivity, and lest anyone think I have an elaborate scam going, I paid for every round, often arguing with pro shop staff that had been instructed by their real estate counterparts to provide me with complimentary greens fees. My comments at this site and in the HomeOnTheCourse community guide are happily free of any marketing hype.
Overall, I have gotten my monies worth in these two years. I have played very few clunker courses, and some courses and golf holes have been memorable. Below are photos and short descriptions of some of the best holes I've encountered.
The signature par 3 12th at Tennessee National certainly is one of the best holes that Greg Norman has ever designed.
The most memorable hole of my last two years on the road actually was one I did not play. The course at Tennessee National, a high-end community with lot prices in the mid six figures and about a half-hour from Knoxville, TN, was about two months short of being open for play, but it was clear that the Greg Norman layout had the makings of a classic. Its signature hole, as most signature holes are, is a par 3 that maximizes the twin features of water and sand. Wisely Norman and his fellow developers from the Medalist Company placed the tee box close to the main drive into the community. It is impossible to drive by without stopping for a look (and in my case, the photo above). Not surprisingly, the community's web site and promotional literature feature Mr. Norman about to strike his tee shot on the 12th toward the green below.
From the back tees, the hole plays downhill 209 yards, with the shorter tees playing to 187, 166, 142 and 123. Eight deep bunkers, with sod faces, surround the green, four of them pot sized and built into the face of the slope in front. Hit short, and you could fall back down the slope into a creek that feeds the Tennessee River, which runs along the entire right side and below the green. Any pushed tee shot will be lucky to find one of the two bunkers there; hit the slope between the bunkers, and you will be playing your third shot two club lengths from the water. The only bailout opportunity is to the slope left of the green, but that will necessitate an uphill pitch shot to the pin. In two years, I've seen no finer, or intimidating, par 3 than the #12 at Tennessee National. Norman's organization has a nice array of photos of Tennessee National and his other courses at www.shark.com .
I'd love to have another shot (literally) one day at the 17th at Tom Fazio's Keowee Vineyards course for The Cliffs Communities. A few years ago, the par 3 was the toughest hole on the Nationwide Tour in relation to par (closer to playing as a par 4 than a par 3). Although I had no business playing the hole from the tips, I had to try the downhill shot to the green some 270 yards away (the elevation probably made it play about 250). I hit driver short and left of the green, away from the lake on the right, and considered myself lucky to be left with a 20-yard pitch to a pin that was front left. I made the putt from inside 10 feet for par but fought back the urge to sign up for the Nationwide Tour right then and there.
Another memorable hole was perhaps the quirkiest, a par 5 at Red Tail Mountain in Mountain City, TN, located between Boone, NC and Knoxville. The par 5 12th at Red Tail starts from a tee box framed by a chute of trees. A large hump runs 50 yards down the landing zone area in the fairway; anything on the left or right side of the fairway will continue in that direction and into the rough. It almost doesn't matter, since the next shot is a medium iron lay-up to the right angle of the fairway, just 100 yards from the green. Hit too far, and you wind up in a sand bunker at the elbow. Hit too short, and a tall, dense group of trees blocks your access to the most unusual green I encountered in two years (maybe ever). Guarding the right front of the putting surface is a large rock outcropping; hit it and you could wind up anywhere, including straight back in your direction. Behind the entire green is a rock wall about 30 feet high; it is an unreliable backstop as balls hit over the green bound in most directions other than onto the green. As you stand in the fairway awaiting your approach shot, you wonder what mad genius conceived the hole. (The answer? The typically mild mannered Dan Maples).
I played only one 9 hole layout in the last two years, during a visit with my son to look at the University of the South in Sewanee, TN. The Sewanee Golf Club course, which was built by faculty, students and local residents in 1915, traversed a hardscrabble, up and down routing that I found a bit of a trek on a cold February day. Sewanee was golf au naturel, with no more than a half dozen sand bunkers, but what it may have lacked in modern touches it more than made up for in its classic use of terrain. Few fairways were level, and Sewanee's small greens were all best approached by run up shots; the turf on the greens was almost as firm as that of the fairways (the course has no irrigation system). Two putts were a blessing on any hole, none more than the unforgettable 4th, a 160-yard uphill par 3 to the narrowest green I had ever played, less than 20 feet across its front and not much wider at any other point. We were fortunate the pin was up front; the very back of the green was a mere four paces to the edge of the mountain. The only benefit to hitting the ball over the green would have been the breathtaking views of the valley below and the Smoky Mountains dead ahead. It was an unforgettable hole on a golf course that time has forgotten, but I won't.
The private, gated community of Mountain Air in Burnsville, NC, is a favorite of well-heeled pilots because an airstrip runs through it, and through the heart of the golf course as well. At more than 4,000 feet, there is plenty to distract the golfer's eye, but nothing more so than the sight of an airplane taking off below your tee box or beside the green you are putting on. The strip is not exactly in play, but a dramatically pushed or pulled drive on one of the adjacent holes could, ahem, really take off.
There is a fine line between quirky and dramatic along the runway at Mountain Air.
National Association of Realtors economists can never pass a dung heap without sticking a flower in it. NAR Senior Economist Lawrence Yun did it again yesterday. After a rare bit of no-shill honesty in which Groundhog Yun popped up, looked at the storm clouds and predicted trouble the rest of the year, he could not resist copping his ingrained Pollyanna attitude about 2008.
Yun announced that the NAR had lowered its forecast for 2007 home sales one percent from its prediction just a month ago. In other words, they found about 70,000 more homes that won't sell in 2007. But before we could shout "Hallelujah" at the its-about-time honesty of it all, Yun added that next year's total sales of homes would be up slightly above the NAR's guesstimate of last month.
We wonder what these guys are drinking, or trying to get the rest of us to drink. Everything we read says that folks at the low end and the high (jumbo mortgage) end of the lending scale will have continuing problems securing home loans. And if I can't sell my house, I am not going to buy yours. The volatility in the equity markets has everyone nervous, but those nervous investors aren't about to seek safe haven in a Miami condo or million-dollar Scottsdale hacienda. Despite a still pretty-solid U.S. economy, most predictions by economists not working for the NAR tilt toward the pessimistic for 2008. Paul Kasriel, chief economist with Chicago's Northern Trust, went so far as to say, "No one is buying into their [the NAR's] Kool Aid; that's why prices are falling." Kasriel and most economists without shame advise sitting on the sidelines (unless you absolutely, positively have to sell your house).
On the other hand, if you have lots of cash and plan to relocate in the next few years anyway, new home builders are giving away pools, televisions, closing costs and just about every other amenity you can think of to move their inventory of homes. Name your price, and you just might get it. If enough of us do that, we could help turn Lawrence Yun from shill to prophet.
According to an AP report covered at the USA Today web site and by our friends at GolfVacationInsider, Tiger Woods is likely to design his first course in the U.S. for The Cliffs Communities, the mega-development organization that stretches from Asheville, NC, and all along the western and southwestern edge of South Carolina. The Cliffs already provides a grand buffet of name designer courses by Nicklaus, Player, Fazio, and Tom Jackson. Player recently announced he, his family and his company would take up residence at The Cliffs Mountain, where he is designing the golf course.
Woods said that he would be in Traveler's Rest, SC, on Tuesday. Reportedly, the course will be built in the Asheville area, not far from The Cliffs at Walnut Grove where Nicklaus has designed one of his two courses for the developers. Woods made his comments yesterday at Southern Hills in Tulsa, OK, where he is tuning up for the PGA Championship, which starts tomorrow. Finally, we have something in common with Tiger; we have been to Traveler's Rest, to visit the Cliffs Valley and the nearby high and mighty Cliffs at Glassy community (it plays at an elevation of nearly 4,000 feet). We enjoyed the unusual and entertaining Tom Jackson layout.
Tiger's only other design gig so far is in the Middle East, in Dubai. We wish there were a futures options exchange on golf course initiation fees. The comprehensive membership in The Cliffs courses currently runs north of $100,000. With Tiger's design fees likely well into seven figures, expect an uptick in both membership fees and home site costs at the already pricey Cliffs.
The Tom Jackson layout at The Cliffs at Glassy is never boring.
I've spent the better part of the last two years visiting nearly 80 golf course communities and a handful of private clubs not directly affiliated with any housing development. To remain as objective as possible, I don't do too much research on a course before I play it; in most cases, I'll simply click on the "directions" tab at the course's web site so I know where I am going. I prefer not to be swayed by a course or community with a fancy yardage book and lucious photos posted on line compared with those courses that have little, if any, presence on the Web. On the other hand, it is difficult to avoid the name of the course architects since the communities put those names front and center. That builds a certain expectation if the name is well known.
In the coming weeks, I'll share some of the highlights, and maybe a few lowlights, of the last 22 months on the golf community beat. For a thorough examination of golf course communities in the areas of major southern cities, as well as more remote locations, I invite you to subscribe to the HomeOnTheCourse community guide. It is the only place you will find objective, unbiased reviews of golf course communities, stripped of all the marketing hype. At just $39 a year for six jam-packed issues, it might just be the best real estate investment you ever make.
The 3rd at Colonial Heritage is short and treacherous. Many of the fairways at the Arthur Hills course are perched above ravines.
River Islands Golf Club was a revelation when I played it late last year. Located in Kodak, TN, just 10 minutes from I-40 and about 45 minutes from Knoxville, I stopped there basically because it was on my route to Knoxville and I would not have had time to play closer to the city. River Islands was also dirt cheap to play, about $50 as I recall; the adjacent community was just starting up and only three or four homes had been built. I'm glad I stopped, as it gave me my first real taste of an Arthur Hills layout. Over the last two years, his designs have been the most consistently enjoyable of all I've played, and the most challenging.
River Islands played along and occasionally over the French Broad River; a few of the holes are actually on an island in the river, thus the course's name. The only earth Hills pushed was around the greens, where he created swales and mounds that, on some occasions, hid the bottoms of the flagsticks from fairway views. He built some nasty pot bunkers into some of the mounds. I noticed similar qualities at his terrific design for the Palmetto Course at The Landings near Savannah. There he worked with marsh instead of a river, but the effect was similar - good to excellent shots rewarded, but fair or worse shots penalized around the modest-sized, well protected greens.
Maybe because he is getting on in years and wants golfers and developers to know he still has the fire, Hills shows a bit of a mean streak at the less than year old Colonial Heritage, just north of Williamsburg, VA, where, inside a community restricted to those 55 and older, he's built a course for young studs. Water is in short supply on the Colonial Heritage course, replaced by ravines every bit as treacherous. Some fairways tilt toward the hazards, and even the short par 4s are scary propositions (see photo). One par 3 had the narrowest entryway I've played. I loved the course, in a masochistic sort of way.
Only one Hills layout, at Dunes West, north of Charleston, SC, seemed to have been dumbed down for resort players. Fairways were wide open and the greens were large and receptive. Few mediocre shots - and I hit plenty of them when I played a few weeks ago - were penalized. I preferred his other Charleston area course, at Coosaw Creek Golf Club near the airport, for its more thought-provoking shots from tees and rolling fairways.
All in all, though, the Arthur Hills courses I've played in the last two years have been a pleasant surprise, and I encourage you to visit his firm's web site -- http://www.arthurhills.com/courses.aspx -- where he lists the courses he has designed and indicates which are public and which private.
Hills likes to challenge the more accomplished players with forced carries that require both distance and placement in order to have the best possible approach to the green. At his Palmetto Course at The Landings, many carries are over marsh.
The 5th at River Islands in Kodak, TN, plays across the French Broad River, which comes into play on five holes at the Arthur Hills designed daily fee course.